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species of iniquity in their Fairs. And though we have specified only a few places, there are many, which we could name, in and around London, Manchester, Birmingham, &c., where scenes are exhibited, and abominations committed, over which every Christian patriot must sincerely mourn.
The British Magazine (conducted by clergymen) for this month, August, states "that there are at the present moment about 15,000 boys in the metropolis, children of the poor, who have no visible means of subsistence, and who are in fact trained to every variety of vice.--The unchecked continuance of such a state of things threatens to sap the foundations of
BY AN EXCELLENT CLERGYMAN.
THE Rev. Edward Cooper, Rector of Yoxhall, Staffordshire, bears his noble testimony against these customs, in a sermon delivered after one of his parishioners had been killed in the brutalities of a Wake about seven years ago. He says
"I will briefly state a few of the practices by which the Wakes are characterized.
"First of all, my brethren, what is their commencement? They begin with an open, avowed, unblushing profanation of the Lord's day. Neglect of public worship, visiting, travelling, feasting, and the whole afternoon and evening of the Sunday spent in company, and in worldly, trifling, or perhaps worse conversation, are among those things which are practised on these occasions, without shame, remorse, or scruple, by the generality of persons. Probably excess, riot, and profligacy, occur in many instances before the sabbath is over. This is the beginning of Wakes.
"A second practice, frequent on these occasions, is that of making cruelty a sport and pastime. The poor innocent brutes are brought forward to furnish, by their sufferings, amusement to men. The man who can seek for a brutal gratification in the sufferings of a bull or a bear, will soon have his heart hardened against every tender and humane feeling.
"A third practice, which distinguishes the Wakes, is lewdness. Persons professedly make them the occasion of gratifying their vile and sensual appetites.Can a young woman pass the night in dancing, revelling, and rioting with a company of disorderly, unprincipled young men, and not have her own principles corrupted, and her modesty, which is the best preservative of her virtue, injured?
"A fourth practice prevalent at Wakes is drunkenness. This, indeed, may be considered as their general descriptive feature.
civilized society. We therefore earnestly beg to call the attention of the public to these alarming facts." These, with many of their elders, both in years and wickedness, throng the Wakes and Fairs around our metropolis, prompt for every species of immorality and villany; nor is it possible for our servants, and families, and property, to be unaffected by such a state of society. Education, Religion, and Employment, are indispensable to correct these evils: and they demand the persevering exertions of Magistrates, Ministers of the Gospel, and Sunday-School Teachers, the best and most efficient of all Philanthropists.
"A fifth practice, which at these seasons almost as universally prevails, is that of fighting. The Wakes form a sort of general centre, where all the dissolute characters in the neighbourhood, and the disturbers of the public peace, may meet, and indulge their violent and ungovernable propensities.
"To all these dreadful evils, attendant on the Wakes, I might add many others, evidently promoted by them, such as profane cursing and swearing-gambling. wasteful improvidence-extravagance-vanity, and finery in dress-idleness, loss of time, and such like. But those which I have specified are sufficient for my pur. pose. They prove, beyond a doubt, the point, in support of which I have adduced them. Is not the crime, which has been committed among us, the natural and almost the necessary consequence of the practices which I have been describing? Do not sabbath-breaking, cruelty, lewdness, drunkenness, and fighting, tend in the most obvious way to produce bloodshed and murder?-See the fruit, the harvest of the secd which you have been so profusely sowing for so many years. See the natural tendency of Sabbath-breaking, of lewdness, of drunkenness, and fightings. No longer pretend to be ignorant of the consequences to which they lead. Bloodshed and murder follow in their train: and those who encourage the practices which lead to the commission of these crimes, are justly chargeable with a portion of the guilt which attaches to the commission of them."
OFFICIAL TITLES OF CHRIST. ADVOCATE, Anointed, Apostle, Bishop, Captain, Counsellor, Deliverer, Finisher, Governor, Guide, Intercessor, Judge, King, Lawgiver, Leader, Master, Mediator, Messenger, Messiah, Minister, Physician, Prince, Pro pitiation, Purifier, Prophet, Priest, Redeemer, Ruler, Refiner, Saviour, Servant, Shepherd, Surety, Teacher Witness.
W. W. C.
Sect. VII.-The Expulsion of Adam from Paradise. PARADISE, as specially planted, and richly furnished by the overflowing benevolence of God, was no longer a suitable place of habitation for our fallen parents. They had forfeited every expression of favour from their Maker: and though grace reigned through righteousness by Jesus Christ our Lord," they must depart from the garden of Eden. The sight of "the tree of knowledge of good and evil" might serve to aggravate their misery; and beholding "the tree of life," they might be tempted to abandon faith in the promised Saviour, to cherish presumption, and endeavour to secure immortality by improper means, in a way not ordained or approved by their gracious God.
"And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat and live for ever: therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man." Gen. iv, 22-24.
Adam appears to have been unwilling to leave Paradise, the delightful place which was the Divine plantation. He might fear the pressure of want, in an uncultivated and cursed world; or the assaults of powerful beasts, having thrown off their allegiance, and become wild and fierce, as if to avenge their insulted Maker; or the bold and insidious attacks of fallen spirits, seeking to plunge him into depths of misery still deeper, to his eternal ruin; and he lingered till Divine justice expelled him. "So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east end of the garden of Eden, Cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." Ver. 24.
Terribly dreadful must have been the sight of those majestic servants of God, stationed at Eden's entrance,
to keep the way of the tree of life."
They looking back, all th' eastern side beheld
Of Paradise, so late their happy seat,
Wav'd over by that flaming brand, the gate
Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'd them soon:
PARADISE LOST. The remainder of Adam's history is almost wholly concealed from our knowledge: yet so far as we possess information, we see that it corresponded with his fallen condition. In process of time he was delighted to become a father: and Eve, in the transports of her overflowing joy, called her first born Cuin, which signifies a possession. The possession she seems fondly to have supposed that she had gained, was the promised seed, who should bruise the serpent's head: but alas! how illusory were her hopes! She soon discovered her mistake; and, therefore, to express her feelings, when she brought forth her next son, she call him Abel, which signifies vanity.
Adam would probably cherish the anticipation of much comfort in these two sous, and observe them with growing delight, increasing in wisdom and stature, while he infused into their opening minds the lessons of sacred knowledge. But they were born in sin, in the image of their fallen father; and though they were brought up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord," Cain his first-born was an irreligious infidel! Abel was a believer, a man of sincere religion; by which he condemned the unholy life of his elder bro
ther; who, hurried on by the strength of his ungoverned passions, and enslaved by the power of Satan, embrued his murderous hands in the blood of his pious brother's life.
To express or even to conceive the feelings of Adam on this occasion is utterly impossible. He would regard the horrible deed as the consequence of his own transgression; and reflections of the bitterest kind would harrow his soul: yet" the sin of the murderer was up probably far more distressing to him than the sufferings of the martyr."
Besides Cain and Abel, Adam had many "sons and daughters," who were multiplied during his life, so as to fill the earth. In the one hundred and thirtieth year of Adam's life, the LORD gave unto him another son, instead of Abel, whom Cain had murdered. This son Eve named Seth, signifying settled; and he appears to have been a holy man of God. Adam lived to see the multitude of his descendants evince the consequences of his own apostacy in increasing wickedness, and died at the age of nine hundred and thirty years, as it is believed, in the lively hope of his personal interest in immortal glory, through Christ the promised Saviour.
Sect. VIII.-Adam a Type of Christ.
CONTEMPLATING sin and death as the consequences of Adam's transgression, the apostle speaks of Jesus Christ as "the second Adam, the Lord from heaven," of whom the first man was a remarkable type, the figure of him that was to come." 1 Cor. xv, 45-47; Rom. v, 14. The typical character of Adam may be considered in many striking particulars, a few of which it will be indispensable to notice.
I. Adam was "the son of God" (Luke iii, 38), that is, he was the immediate offspring, the peculiar production of the Creator.-Christ, in an unspeakable and inconceivable manner, was God's dear Son, the only begotten of the Father. 1 John i, 18; iii, 16-18.
II. Adam was created in the image of his Maker.Christ is the brightness of his Father's glory, and the express image of his person." Heb. i, 3.
III. Adam was constituted lord of this lower world for the government of its creatures.-Christ is Lord of all, the Creator, Preserver, and Sovereign of all; and as Mediator, he is appointed to receive the homage of the whole intelligent universe. Col. i, 16, 17; Rev. v, 12, 13.
IV. Adam was the common father of all mankind, through whose disobedience, they are heirs of sin and death.-Christ is "the everlasting Father" of his people, from whom, as a quickening spirit, they derive spiritual life. He is "the surety of the better testament," "the head of the body the church," through whose obedience all believers are heirs of life eternal. Isa. ix, 6; Heb. vii, 22; Rom. v, 14-21.
V. Adam is commended to us in his marriage in Paradise, as prefiguring the mysterious union and reciprocal affection between Christ and his church. the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church; and he is the Saviour of the body." Eph. v, 23.
The satisfaction of our Lord and Saviour, as the surety of the new covenant, answered fully to the sentence pronounced upon Adam, and it is the means of life and salvation to all believers. Did our labour, pain, and sorrow come upon us through the sin of Adam ?— The travail of Christ's soul brings us health, and peace, and bliss eternal. Did the curse come upon us by sin?"Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us." Is our degradation and expulsion from communion with God the fruit of sin?— We are brought nigh to God by the blood of Christ,
and through him Jews and Gentiles have access by one Spirit unto the Father, and are made the children of God by gracious adoption. Is our ignorance of God and of spiritual things the consequence of sin?-Christ is made our wisdom; and by his word and Spirit effectually instructs us and makes us wise unto salvation. Are we unholy and impure by sin?-Christ is become the source, and pattern, and giver of personal and entire sanctification. Are we unworthy by defilement and guilt?-Christ is "the Lord our righteousness." Are we the subjects of death through Adam's transgression? -Christ" has brought life and immortality to light by his gospel," and "the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord."
Do our young readers sincerely believe these things? Do they receive the doctrines of the Scriptures concerning the second Adam? and do they worship the Father in spirit and in truth by faith in Jesus Christ? Such, and only such, are interested in the salvation which is in Christ Jesus; and they, and only they, shall finally obtain everlasting glory in Paradise restored.
THE annals of the reign of Catherine II, make mention of one ephemeral palace, which, like that of Pandamonium, Out of the earth, a fabric huge, Rose like an exhalation;"
and like an exhalation vanished, not leaving a wreck behind. From a true and particular account of this ice palace, drawn up by Kraft, an imperial academician, and published at St. Petersburgh the year after its erection, it appears, that seven years before, an ice castle had been built on the river Neva; but the ice bent under the weight of the edifice and of the soldiers who garrisoned it. To avoid a similar defect in the foundation, it was resolved, on the occasion of the marriage of Prince Galitzin, in 1740, to erect a palace of ice on terra firma; and a site was chosen between the imperial winter palace and the admiralty, one of the lords of the bed-chamber being appointed to superintend the works. The palace was constructed of blocks of ice, from two to three feet thick, cut out of the winter covering of the Neva; these being properly adjusted, water was poured between them, which acted as cement, consolidating the whole into one immense mass of ice. The length of the edifice was fifty-six feet, its breadth seventeen feet and a half, and its height twenty-one. It was constructed according to the strictest rules of art; and was adorned with a portico, columns, and statues. It consisted of a single story, the front of which was provided with a door and fourteen windows; the frames of the latter, as well as the panes, being all formed of ice. The sides of the doors and of the windows were painted in imitation of green marble. On each side of the door was a dolphin, from the mouths of which, by means of naphtha, volumes of flames were emitted in the evening. Next to them were two mortars, equal to eighty pounders, from which many bombз were thrown, a quarter of a pound of powder being used for each charge. On each side of the mortars stood three cannons, equal to three pounders, mounted upon carriages, and with wheels, which were often used. In the presence of a number of persons attached to the court, a bullet was driven through a board two inches thick, at the distance of sixty paces, by one of these cannons, a quarter of a pound of powder being also used for a charge. The interior of the edifice had no ceiling, and consisted of a lobby and two large apartments, one on each side, which were well furnished, and painted in the most elegant manner, though formed
merely of ice. Tables, chairs, statues, looking-glasses, candlesticks, watches, and other ornaments, besides tea-dishes, tumblers, wine-glasses, and even plates with provisions in one apartment, also formed of ice, and painted of their natural colours; while in the other were to be seen a state bed, with curtains, bed, pillows, and bed clothes, two pair of slippers, and two night caps of the same cold material. Behind the cannon, the mortars, and the dolphins, stretched a low balustrade. On each side of the building was a small entrance. Here were pots with flowers and orange trees, partly formed of ice, and partly natural, on which birds sat. Beyond these were erected two icy pyramids. On the right of one of them stood an elephant, which was hollow, and so contrived as to throw out burning naphtha; while a person within it, by means of a tube, imitated the natural cries of the animal. On the left of the other pyramid was seen the never-failing concomitant of all princely dwellings in Russia, a banya, or bath, apparently formed of balks, which is said to have been sometimes heated, and even to have been appropriated to use.
The appearance of the ice palace, it is said, was remarkably splendid when lighted up in the evening with numerous candles. Amusing transparencies were usually suspended in the windows to increase the effect; and the emission of flames by the dolphins and the elephant, all tended to excite greater surprise, while the people beheld the crystalline mass.
Thus, there wanted not, to carry on the parallel between this palace and the magical edifice which Milton describes,
Of starry lamps and blazing cressets, fed
Admiring enter'd; and the work some prais'd,
Crowds of visitors were continually seen around this fantastic and unique construction, which remained entire from the beginning of January almost to the middle of March. The glassy fabric then began to melt, and was soon afterwards broken into pieces, and the ruins were conveyed to the imperial ice-cellar. On the wisdom displayed in the construction of this costly emblem of mundane glory, the reader may make his own comment.-Modern Traveller.
A WELCHMAN was for some time awfully habituated to the vice of drunkenness, but was at length restored to sobriety by the following singular incident. He had a tame goat which would follow him to the alehouse he frequented. One day, by way of frolic, he gave the animal so much ale that it became intoxicated. What particularly struck the Welchman was, that from that time, though the creature would follow him to the door, he never could get it to enter the house. He was thereby led to see how much his sin had sunk him beneath a beast, and from that time became a sober man.
THE SUPERSTITIOUS BRAMIN.
A BRAMIN at Benares was so cautious of causing the death of any living animal, that before him as he walked, the place was swept, that he might not destroy any insect: the air was fanned when he ate for the same purpose. Some mischievous European gave him a microscope to look at the water he drank. On seeing the animalculæ, he threw down and broke the instrument, and vowed that he would not drink water again : he kept his promise, and died.
THE PALM TREE. THIS tree grows in a stately column from thirty to fifty feet in height, "crowned," says Forbes, "with a verdant capital of waving branches, covered with long spiral leaves." Though the tree arrives at maturity thirty years after planting, it continues in full strength seventy years longer, producing annually fifteen or twenty clusters of dates, each weighing fifteen or twenty pounds. It is one of the most beautiful trees in the vegetable kingdom, upright, lofty, and verdant. Though it often grows in a soil apparently dry and sterile, a subterraneous supply of water may be calculated upon. Sir Philip Smith, when in Egypt, told the British officers that they might always find water by digging to the roots of a palm tree. Carne, in his "Letters from the East" gives many instances as a confirmation of this fact: his route to the pyramids led occasionally through woods of palm or date trees, where, fatigued with heat and thirst, he enjoyed the refreshment of "delicious water." And then again in the valley of Paran, we halted," says he, in a beautiful grove of palm trees, in which was a spring of excellent water." In Egypt, where it is an object of considerable attention, he had experience of their value, meeting with them, as he did, in the barren and sandy places, destitute of all other verdure and exposed to the scorching sun, where they delightfully interrupted the monotony of the scene, and grouping together, afforded a most grateful and refreshing shade. The beautiful town of Rosetta stands encircled by them, and, scattered at intervals around, they rise high above the highest of the buildings. Upon the northern skirts of the desert of Sin, two leagues from Tor, Dr. Shaw tells us he saw more than two thousand palm trees, and "nine of the wells spoken of in Scripture, the other three being filled up by those drifts of sand which are common in Arabia:" under the shade of these trees is the bath which is held by the inhabitants of Tor in extraordinary veneration, and which they call the bath of Moses.
In Palestine it grew so abundantly, that "it was a common symbol of the country; many coins of Vespasian and other emperors being extant, in which Judea is personified by a disconsolate woman sitting under a palm tree." Pliny also calls Judea by a name signifying "renowned for palms." In Jericho, where the soil is sandy and climate warm, several species of the tree are still found. Strabo and Josephus, who celebrate the palm trees of Palestine, particularly notice those of Jericho.
The utility of this tree is not less remarkable than its beauty. Its clusters of fruit, which are frequently very large, furnish a great part of the diet of the inhabitants of Arabia and Persia; whole families in Upper Egypt, we are told, subsist entirely upon it. This is gathered with great care and ceremony; and it may be mentioned as a peculiar characteristic of the palm, that its external structure is so formed, as to supply the steps for an easy ascent to man, in order to obtain the fruit which grows at the top of the tree (from which alone the branches spring), while it denies access to beasts of all kinds. "Besides dates," says Calmet, "it produces a kind of honey, little inferior to common honey, and they likewise draw a wine from it much used in the East.
Gibbon says that the Asiatics celebrated three hundred and sixty uses to which the trunk, branches, leaves, juice, and fruit were applied.
The palm or branch of the palm tree was carried before conquerors in processions and rejoicings for victory. The Jews sent a golden branch of a palm tree to the kings of Syria, as a kind of tribute or present.Scripture Garden Walk.
TEOCALLI, OR GREAT TEMPLE OF MEXITLI,
THIS temple was a truncated pyramid 120 feet high, and 318 feet square at its base, situated in the midst of a vast enclosure of walls, and consisting of five stories, like some of the pyramids of Saccara. When seen from a distance, it appeared an enormous cube, with small altars, covered with wooden cupolas on the top. The point where these cupolas terminated, was 177 feet above the pavement of the enclosure. The material of which the pyramids was built, is supposed to have been clay, faced with a porous stone resembling pumice-stone, hard and smooth, but easily destructible. De Solis gives the following description of this edifice, on the authority chiefly of Acosta:
"The first part of the building was a great square, with a wall of hewn stone, wrought on the outside with various knots of serpents intertwisted, which gave a horror to the portico, and were not improperly placed there. At a little distance from the principal gate was a place of worship, not less terrible: it was built of stone, with thirty steps of the same, which went up to the top, where was a kind of long flat roof, and a great many trunks of well-grown trees fixed in it, in a row, with holes bored in them at equal distances, and through which, from one tree to another, passed several bars run through the heads of men who had been sacrificed, of whose number (which cannot be repeated without horror) the priests of the temple took exact account, placing others in the room of those which had been wasted by time. A lamentable trophy, in which the enemy of mankind displayed his rancour, and which these barbarians always had in view, without the least remorse! for inhumanity put on the mask of devotion, and custom had rendered death in all its terrors familiar to their eyes. The four sides of the square had as many gates opening to the four winds. Over each of these gates were four statues of stone, which seemed to point the way, as if they were desirous to send back such as approached with an ill dispo sition of mind. These were presumed to be threshold gods, because they had some reverences paid them at the entrance. Close to the inside of the wall were the habitations of the priests, and of those who, under them, attended the service of the temple, with some offices; which altogether took up the whole circumference, without retrenching so much from that vast square, but that eight or ten thousand persons had sufficient room to dance in it upon their solemn festivals. In the centre of this square stood a pile of stone, which in the open air exalted its lofty head, overlooking all the towers of the city, gradually diminishing till it formed a half-pyramid; three of its sides were smooth, the fourth had stairs wrought in the stone; a sumptuous building, and extremely well proportioned. It was so high that the stair-case contained a hundred and twenty steps, and of so large a compass, that on the top it terminated in a flat forty feet square: the pavement was beautifully laid with jasper stones of all colours: the rails, which went round in nature of a balustrade, were of a serpentine form, and both sides covered with stones resembling jet, placed in good order, and joined with white and red cement, which was a very great ornament to the building. On the opening of the rails, where the stairs ended, were two marble statues, which supported, in a manner that admirably well expressed the straining of the arms, two huge candlesticks of an extraordinary make. A little further was a green stone, five spans high from the ground, which terminated in an angle, and whereon they extended on his back the miserable victim they were about to sacrifice, and opened his breast to take out his heart. Beyond this stone, fronting the stair
case, stood a chapel of excellent workmanship and materials, covered with a roof of precious timber. Here the idol was placed on a high altar, behind curtains: it was of human figure, sitting in a chair which had some resemblance of a throne, sustained by a blue globe, which they called Heaven, from the sides whereof came four rods, with their ends resembling the heads of serpents, which the priests placed upon their shoulders, when they exposed their idol to public view. It had on its head a helm composed of plumes of various colours, in form of a bird, with a bill and crest of burnished gold: its countenance was severe and horrible, and still more deformed with two blue bands, which bound its forehead and its nose. In the right hand it held a curling serpent, which served for a staff, and in the left, four arrows, which they venerated as a present from heaven, and a shield with five white plumes placed in the form of a cross: and concerning these ornaments, these ensigns and colours, they related many remarkable extravagances, with a seriousness deserving to be pitied. On the left hand of this chapel was another of the same make and bigness, with an idol called Tlaloch, in every respect resembling his companion. They were esteemed brothers and friends to such a degree, that they divided between them the patronage of war, equal in power, and unanimous in inclination; for which reasons the Mexicans addressed them both with the same prayers, the same sacrifices, and the same thanksgivings. The ornaments of both chapels were of inestimable value; the walls were hung and the altars covered with jewels and precious stones, placed on feathers of various colours and they had eight temples in the city of almost the same architecture, and of equal wealth. Those of a smaller size amounted to two thousand, and were dedicated to as many idols, of different names, forms, and attributes. There was scarce a street without its tutelar deity; nor was there any calamity incident to nature without its altar, to which they might have recourse for a remedy. In a word, their gods were derived from their fears, nor did they reflect how they lessened the power of some by what they attributed to others. Thus did the devil continually enlarge his dominions, and exercise a most deplorable tyranny over rational creatures, in the possession of which he remained for so many ages, by the incomprehensible permission of the Most High."- Modern Traveller.
(Abridged from the Cottage Magazine.)
On a recent visit to the metropolis, among other scenes of distress, few were so interesting to me as the great metropolitan hospitals. Retiring from the bustle of the public streets, those vast asylums filled with the consequences of sin, are to be found stretching forth their long ranges of windows, with here and there a withered plant hesitating between life and death in the casement-an apparent emblem of many a sinking frame within. In one of those melancholy abodes our attention was led to a patient, whose mortal career was evidently drawing to a close. It was a young woman whose faded cheek every token of health had long since fled for ever. Her eyes, which appeared once to have possessed uncommon beauty, were now supernaturally enlarged. Her head and face were bound up with linen bandages, and had it not been for the hectic flush of disease which mantled over her forehead, we might at times have thought her a corpse in her grave clothes. "She is not long for this world," whispered the nurse. "I fear not," said I; " pray how long has she been under your care?" "Only a few weeks, Sir," said the
nurse. "She was found dying for want, and almost consumed with disease, in the streets." "A woman
who was a sinner, I suppose." "You are right, Sir, in your conjecture. We are told that she was once one of the gayest of the gay, and dressed as finely as any of them; but it is now all over, poor thing-it is all over now.' "Does she seem to be in much distress of mind?" said I. "At times she weeps like rain - her poor frame shakes under the mental agony." At this time the poor dying girl began to awake from a slight doze. "Who is that, nurse, who is that?" said she. "It is a gentleman come to see how you are." "God bless him," said she hastily; "it is a long time since any one came to inquire after Margaret." She sunk back into her state of lethargy. The name struck me. Margaret, thought I, how familiar is that name to me. I approached the bed: she did not answer me. 1 could not leave the room, without at least endeavouring to speak one word in season to one who was evidently so near the region of the shadow of death. Bending down I said, God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." I know not whether she heard or understood me, nor shall I ever know on this side of the grave; but, if she did, the gospel message was delivered. Oh! how important it is to give up our minds to God before disease and death has touched them, and blasted them for ever! Not many days after, I called to inquire after her. I approached her bed, but it was empty. The sick, the afflicted, the dying lay around, but the dead had been carried away. She had dozed on, the nurse told me, in one unconscious dream, till the tide of life had ebbed for ever, and she awoke in eternity. Man dieth and wasteth away, yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he?" Whilst I was musing upon this solemn event, the nurse brought me a book which she had found after her death, under her pillow. It was an old-fashioned little book by one of the puritans, " The Tears of a Magdalen," full of touching exhortations and sweet scriptural doctrine. As I was turning over its leaves in melancholy mood, a card fell from between them. I took it up, and was still more deeply affected to find inscribed upon it, "D- Sunday School."
66 THE WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH!"
ROBERT HALL AND MATTHEW HENRY'S
I THINK it was in the month of February, that Mr. Hall told me that he had commenced Matthew Henry. He observed, "I have often read portions of it, and consulted it; but I have now begun with the first chapter of Genesis, and 1 mean to read the work through regularly; I have set myself, Sir, two chapters every morning, and I anticipate it as a feast. That is the way to read Matthew Henry, Sir; I discover new beauties in him every day, that are not obvious when reading detached parts. I would advise you to adopt the same method, Sir; you will be quite delighted with it. I have found, that the most pious persons of my acquaintance, in the latter period of their lives, have been great readers of Henry. There must be something next to inspiration in him, Sir; for as face answers to face, so does the heart of one Christian to another." I asked his opinion of Scott's Commentary "O, it is a good work, Sir; but it is not to be compared to Henry; there is not that unction of spirit which there is in Henry," About a month or six weeks after this he said, Well, Sir, I continue my plan of reading Matthew Henry every morning, and have come to the second chapter of Exodus; and am more and more delighted with him."— Greene's Life of Hall.