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riner: a Ballad.--Dolly: a Ballad. - Then, if beneath the genial sun A Visit to Whittlebury Forest.-A That spreads abroad the full blows Highland Drover : a Song:--A Word may, to Two Young Ladies.-On hearing Two infant stems the rest out-run, of the Translation of the Farmer's Their buds the first to meet the day, Boy.-Nancy: a Song.-Rosy Han- With joy theit op'ning tints we view, nah: a Song:- The Shepherd and his
While morning's precious moments Dog Rover: a Song:-Hunting Song.
fly: -Lucy: a Song - Winter Song.
My pretty maids, 'tis thus with you, As a specimen of this volume, we The fond admiring gazer, I. select the following
Preserve, sweet buds, where'er you
be, Description, with which the Tale of The richest gem that decks a wise ; Walter and Jane is introduced.
The charm of female modesty: Bright was the summer sky, the And let sweet music give it life. mornings gay,
Still may the favouring Muse be And Jane was young and cheerful as
found : the day.
Still circumspect the paths ye tread : Not yet to love but mirth she paid Plant moral truths in fancy's ground;
And meet old age without a dread. And echo mock'd her as she call'd cows.
Yet, ere that comes, while yet ye Tufts of green broom, that full in quaft blossom vied,
The cup of health without a pain, And grac'd with spotted gold the up- I'll shake my grey hairs when you land side,
laugh, The level fogs o'erlook'd; too high And, when you sing, be young again.” to share ;
p. 101-3. So lovely Jane o'erlook'd the clouds
On hearing of ihe Translation of Part No meadow-flow'r rose fresher to the of the Farmer's Boy into Latin. view,
Hey Giles ! in what new garb art That met her morning footsteps in drest? the dew;
For lads like you methinks a bold Where, if a nodding stranger ey'd her
I'm glad to see thee so carest ; The blush of innocence was up in But, hark ye !-don't despise your arms,
old one. Love's random glances struck the un
Thou'rt not the first by many a boy guarded mind,
Who've found abroad good friende And beauty's magic made him look
to own 'em;
Then, in such coats have shewn their
joy, Secure of greeting smiles and village
E'en their own fathers have not
known'em.”. 104–5. fame, She pass'd the straw-roof'd shed, in
ranges where Hung many a well-turn'd shoe and XX. The Song of Songs, which is glitt'ring share;
by SOLOMON. A new Translation: Where Walter, as the charmer tripp d with a Commentary and Notes. along,
T. WILLIAMS, Author of the Age Would stop his roaring bellows and of Infidelity 8vo. Pp. 352. 6s. his song." P.15, 16.
THE occasion and design of this
Work are given in the follow. On half-expanded leaves, the shower; ing extract from the preface : Hope's gayest pictures we believe, * The following work originated in And anxious watch each coming a serious enquiry, whether this book Power.
be a genuine part of the holy Scriptures;
" When tender rose-trees first receive T
and if so, how it should be explained, poetry, according to the hypothesis of that it may become profitable for Bishop Lowth, Section iji. treats • doctrine, for reproof, for correction of the Hebrew music and recitation, • for instruction in righteousness.' and shews the early connection be. The process and result of these in tween the sister arts of poetry and quiries are now before the public, music in all nations, but particular, who will judge of the evidence which ly the eastern. In favour of the He. fully satisfied the author. To those brew music, and in opposition to the who have never doubted, such a censures of some modern writers, he chain of argumentation may appear thus argues : “ If," as he endeavours unnecessary; and to others, who read to prove, “the Jews were a nation only for pious improvement and re- much attached to music;---if their tection, the discussion may appear dispensation had peculiar advantages dry and uninteresting. Such should for its cultivation, --if their voices and recollect, however, that some atten. instruments were equal to those of tion is due, both to the scruples of any other contemporary nation,-if their brethren, and to the objections their language was euphonic, and of unbelievers : that the temple of their poetry, sublime,-il the effects gospel truth, like that of old, has its of their music were considerable, and steps, which must be gradually as- its fame extended to foreign countries, cended, before we can behold its it may certainly deserve a better higher mysteries."
epithet than that of very barbarous ; To this work are prefixed two pre- it must have been at least equal to liminary essays, occupying more than that of any of the ancient oations !" 100 pages, which we shall here briefly The second essay treats of the auanalyse. The first treats on the ori- thor and antiquity of Solomon's Song, gia of language and allegory; of He- --the occasion on which it was combrew poetry and music. The author posed,--the nature of the piece, supposes that the first principles of the images employed, the allegori. language and of science were receive cal design,--the inspiration of the ed from heaven by a kind of intuition, book,-and the section closes with subject to the cultivation and im- an historical sketch of the commenprovement of human industry, as well taries upon it. as the Garden of Eden, in which The author of the book is asserted Adam was placed to keep and to dress to be Solomon, King of Israel, and it. All ideas being confessedly ad- the objections to this hypothesis are mitted by the senses, he remarks, considered at some length. The octhat the primary and radical ideas of casion of the poem is stated to be the the first language must refer to exter. marriage of Solomon with Pharaoh's nal objects, and that their moral daughter. The nature of the poem is and spiritual sense must be secon- next examined, and explained to be dary, and derived. This he shews a dramatic pastoral, written on the to be eminently true of the Hebrew above nuptial occasion. Section language, which therefore, as well as iv. considers the imagery employed, for other reasons, he supposes to have which this writer compares with that been the first language of mankind. used by the Turkish, Arabian, and
From the few simple terms of a Persian poets, and endeavours to primary language, the author traces vindicate it from the charge of indelithe abundant use of metaphor in un- cacy. The following sections enter polished nations, particularly the an. upon the important inquiry into its cient Hebrews; and froin this abun. mystical sense; and after stating sedant use of metaphors he vindicates veral hypotheses, the author rests in the hypothesis of Blair, and others, that of the late Bishop. Lowth and that poetry, or language highly figu. Dr. Blair, viz. that it is a mystic alle, sative and animated, was in use be- gory; this hypothesis the present fore prose. In connection with this writer vindicates, by comparing this subject are considered the early use Song with other parts of Scripture, of picture writing and hieroglyphics, and with other certain mystic poets. of speaking action, and of mystic Section vi. answers objections to the dancing, and the doctrine of types inspiration of this book; and the last under the Jewish dispensation. The section gives a very brief historical Dext section more particularly con- view of the most celebrated critics siders the nature of the Hebrew and cominentators on it, from the
Targum of Joseph to thepresent time; been accustomed and moreover that and then Mr. W. gives the follow. there is a certain solemnity in the ing account of his own plan and style of our translators, that, in geneundertaking:
ral excellently comports with the cha: “ The feader is now in possession racter of an inspired work. This of my authorities, and the authors I done, y translation was submitted have been able to consult, among the to half a dozen, or more, literary great number which have written on friends, all of whom have more or this book. Should he enquire what less improved it by their corrections method I have taken to profit by their and remarks. labours, the following particulars will “ Having compared these, and inform him :
corrected my translation, the next “ 1. Having attempted from the ori. object was to subjoin a body of notes ginal * a translation as literal as I con- to justify its propriety; and in this ceive our language will bear, I com- I have never affected to be original pared it, especially in the difficult pas. but when necessary; considering any sages, with all the others I could pro- authority superior to my own. In cure, not omitting the curious collec- the few notes which are original the tion of versions in good Bishop Wil- reader will find the motives which son's Bible. But as my object was,
have determined me. not to make a new version, but a just My next and most arduous unone, I have conformed it to our au- dertaking was to give a practical thorized version, wherever I could and evangelical exposition of the alle. with propriety, and consistent with gory, such as might interest the most an attempt to preserve the poetic pious reader, without disgusting the form of the original. For I conceive inost judicious, and without running that, when two words or phrases will into the excesses which I have cenequally agree with the sense of the sured in other writers." P. 110, 111. author, our ear is prejudiced natural- From the Translation we shall give ly in favour of that to which we have the following specimen.
SECTION 1. [1st Evening.)
Chap. 1. ver. 9.
Have I compared thee, my consort :
My spikenard shall yield its odour.
Which) shall remain continually in my bosom.
[Such as is) in the vineyards of En-gedi.” We can only give the commentary “ This paragraph presents us with and notes belonging to the three last a different set of images. The king
is supposed to be in the circle of his Ver. 12-14.
friends at the marriage feast; and “ Spouse. While the king is in his the spouse promises, in allusion to
circle [of friends] &c. eastern manners, to entertain him * As to the various readings of the He- culties. But in this article I have to ac. brew and early versions, I have noticed knowledge peculiar obligations to a learned most of those which affect the sense, es- clergyman, who undertook the task of colpecially in obscure passages: though I lecting them from the massy volumes of cannot say that they remove many diffi. Walton, Kennicott, and Dc Rossi.
87 with the most choice perfumes': but perfumes, the easterns frequently use the language is highly metaphorical. bunches of odoriferous plants as we She had before compared his name do nosegays, and sometimes wear to liquid perfume, and I conceive her little bags or bottles of perfume in meaning to be, that she would extol their bosoms“: both which circumbim before the company, and that her stances are alluded to in the next praises should perfume his character, verses. equal to the fragrancy of ointments “ By a bundle, bag, or bottle of poured out, or of spices burnt before myrrh, I understand a small vessel bim.
filled with liquid myrrh, or that pre" In this view the allegory admits cious stacte which exudes from the of an easy and beautiful application. tree of its own accord, and was proThe Redeemer is (or at least ought to bably worn in the bosom to exhilabe) at all times the object of the be- rate the spirits. By the cypress here lever's admiration and gratitude. We mentioned is supposed to be intended should praise him in contemplating the henna (or hinna) a plant in very the works of nature and of providence high esteem with the Arabians, and -we should praise him in all the or- other eastern nations. Dr. Shaw says, dinances of his house, but most emi- • This beautifuland odoriferous plant, Denty at his table, when he sitteth if it is not annually cut and kept ' in the circle of his friends.' Tben very low, grows ten or twelve feet should our hearts burn with boly gra- high, putting out its little flowers titude; then should our lips celebrate in clusters, which yield a most gratehis love, and our graces exhale like • full smell like camphires.. the perfume of spikenard.
“ It was at the island Hinzuan or * While at the table sits the king,
Johuna, that Sir W. Jones first saw • He loves to see us smile and sing:
the hinna, which he describes as a Our graces are our best perfume,
very elegant shrub, about six feet * And breathe like spikenard round the high before it was in flower. On room
bruising some of the leaves, moisten“ The words may, however, be ed with water, and applying it to the extended to the whole of the com
nails and tips of the fingers, they were munion subsisting between the Lord in a short time changed to an orange and his people, in acts of social wor.
scarlet. Sonnini describes this plant ship. The prayers of saints' are in
as of a sweet smell, and commonly the New Testament compared to
worn by women in their bosoms?. incense;' and believers, from their
“ From this plant being said to being permitted at all times to offer grow in the vineyards of Engedi, these, are considered as priests
we may remark, that the Hebrews whose office it is to offer incense 1
did not restrict the term vineyards to onto God 3
ground devoted to the culture of vines, “ Beside sprinkling and burning tation for the culture of curious and
but included in it every kind of planOn nuptial occasions, and at all royal
exotic plants. The sentiment exand noble feasts, the eastern nations are pressed under both these images is very profuse in their use of perfumes. the same, and amounts I conceive Sie instances occur in the history of our
to this: That the sense and recol. Lord himself in the New Testament. See • lection of her beloved's affection Mark xiv. 3. John xii. 3.
• was to her pleasant, reviving, and Of the true spikenard of the antients • animating, like the choicest perthere hare been some disputes. Three • fumes worn continually in the bo. dozertations on it may be found in the som%.' Anatic Researches. (See vol. II. 405. IV. 48.) Dr. Rorburgh calls it Valeriana Jatasansi. He had the living plants growing
See Harmer on Sol. Song, p. 212, &c. in baskets, and in each basket were about
Travels, p. 113, 114. 2d edit. Märty or forty hairy spike-like bodies,
6 Works, vol. I. p. 493. taore justly compared to the tails of er
Hunter's Trans. vol. I. p. 273. mine or small weazels. They could not
8 See Calmet's Dict. also Harmer on be brought to flower out of its native soil Sol. Song, p. 34. -Bootan. It is used both for perfume
9 The original word for remain signifies and medicine,
'to stay, abide, remain,' and is by mo Watts, Hymn lxvi. B.I.
means confined to the night. Bate, ParkRev. v. 18.
“.Such is the Lord Jesus Christ to sketch of his literary talents and achis church, and to the individual be- complishments, from which we shall Jievers of which it is composed. select our first extract.
“1. His love is precious like myrrh. “ As, notwithstanding the blood of Images of this kind make but weak the Saunters flows unmixed in my impressions on the imagination of an veins, I have, by some means or other, European; but to see the manner in imbibed a spice of philosophy, I conwhich an Asiatic enjoys perfumes trive, out of these fashionable and imwould suggest a strong idea of the portant avocations, to find, now and rapturous manner in which St. Paul then, a few leisure hours, which are expresses his sense of redeeming love what I mean hereafter to devote to • O the height and depth, the length the amusement and improvement of • and breadth of the love of Christ?' my countrymen and women. As I
“ 2. We should endeavour to pre- am a valetudinarian, I am sometimes serve this sense of the love of Christ obliged, and as a humourist, I am in our hearts-wear it in our bosoms. now and then inclined, rather to reSo saith the apostle Jude: • Keep pose in my elbow chair, than to exert • yourselves in the love of God; my powers of mind and body in the • looking for the mercy of the Lord strenuous idleness I have before de• Jesus Christ unto eternal life *' scribed. As an idle man, no one The continual recollection of the love will expect my lucubrations to contain of Christ to us, is the most certain any deep research, or any severe moway to keep alive our affection to rality; and I doubt not but the achim.
count I have here given of myself, “ 3. The Jews have a remark on will dispose all classes of readers to this text, which, though cabalistical give me their decided support. To enough, may be worth repeating. the more excellent half of the speThey observe, in their mystical way, cies--the porcelaine clay of human that the original word for cypress "kind,'-1 suall dedicate many of signifies also an atonement; and that my hours; and I hereby invite the the two words, a cluster of cypress, contributions of all my loving fellowmay with a slight variation be chang: citizens, whether those who imagine ed into the man who propitiates all fame and happiness to be hid in the • things,' and point strongly to the voluminous folds of a neckcloth, or Messiah, and his death and sacrifice. those who breathe not the atmosphere Dr. Watts beautifully alludes to this of fashion. Solomon Saunter, with a idea.
philanthropy unparalleled, opens bis • As myrrh new bleeding from the tree,
arms to all his countrymen, and doubts • Such is a dying Christ to me;
not but, by their assistance, and his • And while he makes my soul his guest,
own singular merits, he shall render • Thy bosom, Lord! shall be my rest.' this paper the grand receptacle of
p. 180-4. wit, elegance, and ingenuity, the
great storehouse whence future au* Jude, ver. 21.
thors will steal all their best materials, -the mirror of the age, and the won
der of posterity. XXI. LITERARY LEISURE : or, the “My readers will certainly have
Recreations of SOLOMON SAUNTER, the goodness to give me credit, on Esg, 2 Vol. 8vo. pp. 740. Miller. my ipse dixit, for a super-abundant
share of benevolence, learning, acute. HE title of this work, and ficti- ness, fashion, and vivacity. It is my
tious character of its Author, good fortune to have been born in will give our readers a general idea of an age where candour and generous its nature, which will be rendered confidence are leading features. The more complete and accurate by a world is so universally good-natured, sketch of its contents. Like most that it is ever willing to take a man's writers of this class, the Author sets character on his own word ; nor can out with the history of himself and I see any reason for the foriner illifamily, and a slight account of bis beral and happily exploded obloquy associates, Will Whiffle, and Sir Bril. thrown on egotism. Who cau be so liant Saunter. After describing the intimately acquainted with a man's personal charms of his own dear self, merits as himself? Who can so justly he gives 45 un equally tempting appreciate his poetical tlights, bis ar