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1. Elohim shall arise, his enemies shall be scattered,
And they that hate him shall flee before him; 2. They shall be dispersed as smoke is dispersed;
As wax is melted before the fire,
The wicked shall perish from the presence of Elohim. 3. But the righteous shall rejoice,
They shall be glad at the presence of Elohim,
And they shall exult with rejoicings: 4. Sing ye Elohim, chant his name.
The following verses seem to prepare us for a second Exodus.
Prepare the way for him that rideth through the wilderness,
From Jah his name; rejoice therefore before him.
Is Elohim in his holy habitation.
From the 7th to the 10th verse, the miracles wrought on the former passage of Israel through the desert, seem to afford allusion to what will be again. From the 11th to the 14th verse, a great victory is announced to the great felicity of these travellers in the desert.
“Kings of armies flee — they flee, &c." In the 15th and 16th verses, the mountains of Palestine are poetically represented as vying with each other to be the chosen seat where he will fix the visible symbol of his majesty. This points out the choice of Zion : 14. This is the hill which Elohim hath desired to dwell in,
Yea, Jehovah fixeth his habitation here for ever. This circumstance, I conceive, fixes the application of
this psalm to a future Exodus, because on the former, the hill of Zion was not chosen : nor till centuries afterwards was it the place of the sanctuary; and in no sense has it yet become the perpetual dwelling of the God of Israel. 17. Elohim rideth on amid myriads, thousands of thousands;
The Lord is with them as in' Sinai in the sanctuary. Or, we may render these words : “God rideth on amid myriads - a leader of happy followers' is the Lord among them; Sinai is in the sanctuary.” This cannot but remind us of some former passages in these oracles. “ Jehovah came forth visibly at Sinai. He arose over Seir, and displayed his glory from mount Paran, and from the midst of myriads came forth the Holy One; on his right hand were streams of fire. O loving Father of peoples, all the saints are in thy hands; they are seated at thy feet, &c. Behold, the Lord cometh with his holy myriads." * — This is made more remarkable by the verse that follows in the psalm before us :
18. Thou didst ascend on high, thou ledd est captive many
Now this verse is applied by the Apostle to the ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ. It is he then, that shall on this occasion manifest his glory to restored Israel. Who the “ holy myriads” are, his happy followers, we cannot fail to discover : for he hath prayed his Father, that “ those whom” he hath given him, may be with him where he is to behold his glory.”
The great and most bloody victory over Israel's in
• Deut. xxxj, 2, 3.
sulting foe, is again alluded to ; and the course of that foe is prophetically pointed out:
22.-I will turn him' back, hath the Lord said, from Bashan,
I will turn him' back from the shores of the sea.
This seems as much as to say, he shall not extend his ravages eastward of Jordan, or of the Dead Sea; he shall pursue the line of the mystic storm in the xxixth psalm.
The twenty-fourth and following verses describe a religious procession into the sanctuary. He that enters is acknowledged “God” and “ King.” At the same time it is said, he is “ the Lord from the stock of Israel." The four tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Zebulon, and Naphtali, are pointed out, as on this occasion saluting with hosannahs the Son of David. – Why these tribes in particular, a future day must explain.
The course which the judgment inflicted by the enemy has taken, is again referred to, and Egypt is evidently the devoted spot on which it falls :
30. He hath checked the beast of the reed, the assembly of the
bulls, With the calves of the nations, disturbing with their feet the
silvery streams. He hath dispersed the nations that delight in war. 31. Chiefs come out of Egypt;
His hand urges Ethiopia against God.
If I understand this mysterious prophecy,
that enemy of Israel, who was not suffered to trace his bloody track eastward of Jordan, but was directed towards the south, takes possession of Egypt, and unites under his banner the neighbouring Cushites, with whom he madly
returns to fight against that city, which Jehovah will pro-
Chant ye the Lord.
Lo! he uttereth a mighty sound with his voice ! 34. Ascribe ye power unto Elohim;
His majesty is over Israel,
And his power in the skies.
Elohim of Israel :
Blessed be Elohim.
The following psalm, in another mysterious line of prophecy, connecting the sufferings of the rejected Saviour with Israel's desolation, brings us to the same triumphant period of the restoration :
34. Let the heavens and the earth praise him,
The waters and all that dwell therein: 35. For Elohim saveth Zion,
And buildeth the cities of Judah;
And they dwell there and possess it, 36. Yea, the seed of his servants inherit it,
And they that love his name dwell therein. +
The seventy-second psalm must be quoted entire. It is most clearly a prediction of the reign of the righteous king:
1. O God, thou wilt give thy judgment to the king,
And thy righteousness to the king's son.
King's son" is a mere Hebraism for “ king;” to give judgment and righteousness means, I conceive, to do justice to, and vindicate in asserted rights. The throne of the world is often considered as, in this view, to be given at the appointed season to our risen Saviour, now at God's right hand in heaven.
2. He shall judge thy people in righteousness,
And thy afflicted with equity. 3. The hills shall bring peace to the people,
And the mountains with righteousness. 4. He shall do right to the afflicted people,
He shall save the children of the helpless,
And shall break in pieces the oppressor. 5. They shall fear thee before the sun,
And in the presence of the moon to all generations. 6. He shall descend like the rain on the grass,
Like the showers of sprinkling rain. 7. During his days the earth shall bear righteousness,
And abundance of peace till the moon be no more: 8. And he shall reign from sea to sea,
And from the river to the ends of the earth. 9. The opposers shall kneel before him,
And his enemies shall lick the dust. 10. The kings of Tarshish, and of the isles, shall bring presents;
The kings of Seba and Sheba shall offer gifts : 11. And all kings shall prostrate themselves before him,
And all nations shall serve him. 12. Surely he shall deliver the destitute when he crieth,
The afflicted also, and him that hath no helper. 13. He shall look with pity upon the reduced and destitute,
And will save the souls of the destitute;