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• Now am I bird, rather black than white,
• But how many Junes shall I come
· Again to thy cottage home?
• Allow me to chirrup, I'll chirrup my best,
• When shines the sun, and the lark carols gay, • Or thou seekest the grove at the close of day
• And hearest the nightingale ;
Then hushed be the swallow's wail.?"
weak with paternal care, and guard the strong
French lady has had a quarrel with her hus,
(1833-1834); par M.me Flora Tristan, the world remodelled, and human happiness (The Peregrinations of a Pariah (1833. and divine command be alike trampled under 1834:) by Madame Flora Tristan.) 2 foot, that Madaine Flora Tristan may be vols. 8vo. Paris, 1838.
come a Miss.
To attain due fulfilment of her ardent de The world has gone wrong from the begin. sires being obviously a matter of the greatest ning of time! Five thousand years have interest and importance to the whole human elapsed since it began; and in all that long in- race, mankind 'might in their ignorant perterval of centuries, and systems, and creeds, versity have differed upon and contested the that wide expanse of nature, society, and right mode of proceeding, had it not pleased civilization, common-sense has never existed, the fair illuminator of our moral darkness to wisdom never found a voice, until lately! In point it out herself for the general benefit of all the families into which the human race has society, and of her own sex in especial, been divided ; in all the quarters of the globe - There
not a place in the most civilized into which they have spread; in all the lan- countries," says this accurate and well
. guages that have breathed the boundless di- informed lady, “where numerous classes of versity of thought, and borne to answering individuals have not to undergo legal oppres.
sion. The peasants in Russia, the Jews in semi, and shakes; from the turkey*.like Rome, sailors in England, women every pectoral of Arabia, the goose-like sibilation where: yes," she magnanimously exclaims of England, and the Tuscant eagle-scream, * wherever the cessation of that mutual con. to the henclucking of southern Africa, and sent, necessary to the formation of marriage, the hawked aspirations of the Peruvian. does not suffice to break it, woman is in Coptic, Zend, and Sanscrit might be wakened servitude:” and, it seems, divorce obtainable and explored for lamentations, and intermin. at the will of one of the parties can alone able sorrows pour forth from Hottentot, Ja. place her on the same level as man in regard panese, Chinese and Cherokees, which last to civil rights : “ Therefore,"'-proceeds the have just invented an alphabet in time for same conclusive authority, and doubtless with the operation. Two hundred millions, the good reasons for the objection—“to publish actual computed stock of the married, in the amours of women is to expose them to couples, trios, quartets, or ad infinita, might oppression.'
thus be usefully occupied in writing each an The remedy for such manifold evils could octavo voluine per annum, to praise them. only have been derived from direct inspira.selves, and abuse the Beloved of their Souls, tion: we know not in truth from what quar. by name. ter, but suspect that at any rate it was not The rabble-rout and mass of a past period from M. Arthur Bertrand, our gentle SaintSimonienne's doubtless very respectable pub.
“ those luckless brains lisher. · Let the women whose lives have
Who, to the wrong sido lcaning," been agitated by great misfortunes render 'rom forty to fifty years since delighted 10 their griefs eloquent; let them expose the doat upon the peremptory superficialities of troubles they have experienced owing to the Paine and the dull platitudes of Godwin ; in position in which laws have placed them, and whom northern second-sight itself could dis. to the prejudices with which they are enchain- cern nothing but foggy mists resembling eleed." * *'" Let every individual, in fine, who vations; that “ rascaille rabble” could alone, has seen and suffered, who has had to strug. we believe, have tolerated in their excited gle with Men and Things, make a duty of ignorance the vague impertinences of Helen relating in all their variety the events they Maria Williams and Mary Wolstoncroft. have shared in or witnessed, and specify by These miserable quacks of womanhood have name those who are to be blamed or eulo long since, thank Heaven! died away in gized."
England; and amongst our fair neighbours This simple and efficacious device, to be across the Channel the race does not seem to performed after the fashion of their prototype, meet with encouragement at present,—even Madame Flora, at first sight appears likely to though a second Goddess of Reason comes afford amusement enough. The exposure by forward to qualify herself for the office by name of the Men and T'hings with which the vindicating and imitating the process that sex have struggled might gratify the inherent established her predecessor's claim. We love of scandal in our nature, if it did not judge of her by her own words, quoted above overwhelm it; but if every married woman and hereafter. Nor does her shameless were to write two volumes octavo of what praise of the gross and licentious novels of occurred to her in the years 1833–1834 Madame Dudevant, alias George Sand, in. alone,-take only Paris, where the married duce the French public, any more than our couples are recently estimated at 97,000, and own, to regard that ingenious Epicene, the the number of the contented couples at 13, sensuality of both sexes, in any other light and what a sensation would it not produce ! than degrading the manhood she vainly as. Every husband in France would be bound to sumes and disgracing the softer sex that just. read, and of course answer these outbreaks ly repudiates her. We must not do France of conjugal affection ; and M. Arthur Ber. the injustice to imagine, because her children trand himself, for ought we know, be com. love excitement and are something less scru. pelled to write his own private history instead pulous than ourselves as to the means, that of publishing for others. As the example therefore those printed abominations form the spread, not only the European and Asiatic, real taste of the people. The unsettled state the Hollander, the Laplander, the Mug and of French literature makes all novelty desi. the Thug, but Esquimaux and Choctaw, Iro-rable, and, like every other fluctuating scene, quois, Catabaws, and Chickasaws, wives in conceals in part their monstrosity. But the short and squaws of every denomination incessant jest and sparkling sneer indicate, with all their thousand tongues would be fill. no less strongly than our graver remonstran. ing the grand diapason of griefs through eve. ry octave and chord, tone, and semitone,
Malcolm's Anecdotes of Persia. quavers with their subdivisions of demi, demi. + Porphyry.
ces at home, a contemptuous estimation of her of the restraints upon the flesh. Yet “to the writer and her crew; and France is decent vice though much inclined" she apsatisfied, instead of objurgating, to hold up pears to be vicious chiefly in sentiment and and define vice by a poignant phrase. - Still warm rather than wanton : but society could less must the careless one of ihe capital be not afford the distinction ; and, shut out from laken as the feeling of the provinces. We, its pale, having apparently liule of character and the Parisians themselves, are apt to con- to lose, she of course turns reformer. sider Paris as France : the two differ essen. There is one virtue of a reformer that tially; and we might almost as well consider seems to have been wholly overlooked, alike Madrid as Spain, Provincial simplicity, in by that sacred band and their impugners; to the best sense of the term, can meet no con. wit, disinteresteduess. While in all other trast more marked than in the gay capital of instances individuals are eager to appropriate Gaul; and even what we too often deem le- advantages to themselves in the first place, vity there, is but the free, heedless, and harm the real champion of Reform, though con. less gaiety of a Southern organization. Eng. vinced of its being the Sole Good, never seeks land might have been indignant through half it for himself, but gives all the world the pre. her best regulated society, but we doubt if ference. He has nothing of the nature of the highest indignation could so happily have that Epic Hero over the battle, who assigned vice its due place in the public eye
“ First a glass himself poured out and feeling, as the insidiously respectful sar
For fear it shouldn't go about:" casm by which French courtesy distinguished a somewhat too amiable personage as “la On the contrary, even should a portion of Veuve de la Grande Armée.” The quan. improvement be left after going the round of tum of morals and errors may be the same all mankind, he would reject it with virtuous in both countries, though the mode of devel- scorn : if he follows the old adage-Every opement differs according to climate and one should mend one-he commences at constitutions. They indulge in satire ; we once with his nearest neighbour, whether an rejoice in beer; and both à discretion; An. individual or a universe, Man or his Maker; glicè, without any.
anything and everything, in short, but him. An indirect betrayal of the real state of self. There is no selfishness in this :—it is feeling with regard to married duties in true Liberality ; and this is the system of France, so much misunderstood, and, wė re. Madame Flora Tristan. gret to say it, misrepresented among us, oc Having thus premised at some length in curs in the volumes before us. It is clear order duly to prepare our readers for the from her own narrative that the complete advent of our authoress amongst them, we and blissful ignorance of everything useful proceed to introduce her in person—that she or rational in which Madame Flora Tristan may relate not only what she felt or fancied, remained while there, was owing to the abso. but what also she actually saw. It is for the lute isolation from society produced by her sake of these descriptions, of Persons and attempts to carry her own philosophical va- Things, given with something of talent, garies into the practice of real life. Such strength, and vividness, that we have noticed enthusiasts are fain to display themselves all her work at all. We are bound in fairness Soul, by exhibiting themselves all Body. The to say that every eye familiar with the scenes fair lady in truth bad had the politeness to she describes has recognized their truth, and obey one law of the Creator-namely, that their force : and that they present unknown of multiplication ; and had even condescend. places and costumes to the mind with some ed to this by the legitimate channel, of mar- workings of reality. This effort after verity riage-hough, to do her justice, not by her as regards Things is the more meritorious own choice. But content with the merit of inasmuch as it is by no means one of the taking the vow of fidelity, she was above the fair Flora's habitudes ; but she atones to hervulgar temptation to adhere to it,mand ac- self for the sacrifice in her elaborate portraitcordingly, abandoning her husband, she ure of Persons, many of them outlined with volunteered with Saint Simon; the only saint, truth and highly amusing as food for scandal ; we suspect, she ever cordially embraced. but all the filling up deeply tinted with ha.
Her volumes then are founded on igno. tred, lying, malice, and all uncharitableness ; rance and error; and the basis, it must be to the second of which amiabilities Flora allowed, is ample indeed. A celebrated in. openly asserts her unquestioned claim, and fidel abhorred religion because, as was well the rest do not require even that assertion, to remarked, it was troublesome to him. The be conceded her, creed of Madame Tristan being thus like. Madame Tristan sets out with a dedication wise a matter of taste, she selected that which to the Peruvians, in which she acquaints that made her all spirit, and thus disencumbered iuninformed race, what they might otherwise
have very well doubted ; namely, that they ged our own reluctant progress through the will be benefitted by her book ; though but dull details of ignorance and flippancy that few, she suspects, will read it: and that, ha. spin out nearly her first volume with unving been benevolently received by them, mingled disgust. We shall they are to regard t!:e unmeasured abuse she therefore all but what is necessary, to bear has heaped upon them in return as proofs of out our assertions and censures, and to rendo her friendship. They are, it seems, “cor- er intelligible the connection between the rupt to the core, selfish, avaricious, greedy writer and the scenes she describes. of power, and led by other passions to acts The mother of Madame Tristan, emigra. utterly destructive of society"-in addition ting to Spain, was, as she affirms, clandes. to which, “embrutement is extreme in all tinely married there to a Peruvian, by a races composing the people.” This embrute French priest. Her father died without es. ment obviously necessitates both the reason. tablishing the fact of marriage and without ing that follows, intended to satisfy the Peru. supplying the omission by any testamentary vians with their benefactress' character of disposition. Impoverished by this neglect, them, and to establish her own claims to their her mother forced her about the age of sixgratitude; inter alia, for the advice she be. leen “ to marry a man she could neither love stows on them to print newspapers for the nor esteem.” To this union the fair Flora Indians and rob the convents of their proper. attributes all her misfortunes ; but as her ty. Considering how often and how kindly mother afterwards repented of the part she she herself had been received in those insti. had taken in the affair, her daughter gener. tutions, the merit of this advice is inaterially ously forgives and abstains from mentioning enhanced : and we admire her scarcely less her. A praiseworthy forbearance, when we for the profound thought of recommending find how her dearest friends, when mention. apprenticeships generally; every art and ed, fare in her narrative. science requiring some previous knowledge As Mad. Tristan, notwithstanding her for its exercise ; except indeed, as it seems, avowed resolution to relate all misconduct government and legislation of all kinds, fo. of others without disguise, does not in any reign and domestic, in this new school. way declare the causes of her conjugal suf.
Madame Flora Tristan commences her fering, we may reasonably doubt both their work with a profound and recent discovery: magnitude and any conviction on her part “ God,” says this female Lycurgus, “has of her own impeccability in the matter. Posmade nothing in vain :—and she proceeds sibly " M. André Chazal jeune, graveur en to instance with copious flourishes Rousseau, taille-douce," and the fortunate proprietor of Fouché, Gregoire, Lafayette, among others; the treasure, could give a different version the Duc de St. Simon, Madame Dudevant, of the business. The lady was twenty when (the hermaphrodite Eloise,) and herself; who, she separated from him in 1827, and, four she insinuies, has a mission from Provi. years before 1833, opened a correspondence dence. We can believe that the persons with her relatives in Peru. enumerated were not made in vain, for they, We omit the philippic against the old as panders to abomination, were made ex. prejudices and most absurd contradictions" emplars of all that should be avoided, in lihat render this state of separation so isolate ethics, politics, and morals. The mission of and doubtful; particularly as
we find the Flora from Providence is, as she hints, to gentle sufferer subsequently endeavouring to put down hypocrisy, want of faith, and perfi. diminish the doubt by denying the marriage dy in like manner, by revealing the secrets of and avowing the maternity. This seems to all who ever trusted her; a task which she have been an improvement on her original affirms many of her sex had been solicited system of passing herself off everywhere as to undertake in vain. We do not know what a widow or a maid-and which, whenever idea this young lady may have formed of the truth was discovered, procured her re. Providence, unless she conceives it to mean, pulsion from society ; but this, she says, writing anything for money: but we do was malevolence, arising from her being know ihe sage's adage, that there never was young, independent in spirit
, and very preta folly nor an impiety that some fool did iy.' not seriously believe.
“Sensitive and proud to excess," though The conduct of this miserable woman as never too proud to tell lies, she was going to narrated by herself is a mournful example of kill herself; but, however sublime the act, the faults and crimes that spring from a want she could not have seen it in print. M. of moral principle, and from the dreaming Chazal too, whose devotion to copper admitpresumption that supplies their place by ted no predilection for labours in brass, was sentiment. We shall not entail on our rea- unreasonable enough to imagine this gentle ders the weariness of loathing which clog. Idaughter of Tubalcain no fit example for
his children. She accordingly gave him up faire :". -no doubt.) As he was a constant the boy, but Aled with the girl a sixth time visiter at M. Goyaneche's now, and master from Paris--the modern Babylon-"the only of the brig le Mexican trading to Peru, city that ever pleased her," and was three Madame Tristan, whom he had known as a times arrested as the Duchess de Berri ; a widow with a child, now bound him to secre: fortunate circumstance, since thus only we cy on this head ; and for many good reasons, learn of her - dark eyes and long black all stated except the most obvious, took a hair" " which served her for a passport to passage in his vessel for Peru ; with a de Angoulême."
sign to lay her uncle there, D. Pio de Tris. Here one whom we can readily believe a tan, under contribution for the blessing of perfect stranger to Madame Flora, viz. “ an her existence. angel of virtue" who kept a boarding house, On the signal for sailing she bursts forth took charge of her child ; and the model of in sublimity against her native land and its wives and mothers, leaving her daughter to inhabitants for their treatment of “elevation charity, set off for Bordeaux to procure a of soul and generosity of heart;"'—and sat. passage for America. She presented hero isfying both with the prediction of a long self as Mademoiselle Tristan to M. Mariano phase of misfortune” for her country, disGoyaneche, a relation and countryman of covers all at once, what we shall not trans. her father, who recognized the stroug re- late, -“ Dieu, à mon insu, étoit venu habiter semblance between parent and child, receiv. en moi !" The habitation was indifferent ed her with kindness and affection, and suff- enough. ered her to take all her meals at his house. Her object during the whole voyage was She staid here above two months, perfectly to secure M. Chabrié, the master of le Mezhappy, as she states, excepting the awkward- ican, as a lover, in which of course the ex. ness of her position; and seeing him “affec. emplary matron succeeded, to a certain extionate and generous, constant at mass, and tent; but long conversations whenever they punctual in the discharge of his duties;" could be together, by moonlight, or when pitying also his fate in having so large and she was in bed, or out of it, seemed never to handsome a house, (some misgivings of scan. have led the amorous captain to forget the dal on his part having probably prevented respect due to a female under his care, not. her establishing herself there altogether ;) withstanding the intelligible hint that she nev. she wished to fill it, and pass as his daughter er had been married, but had a daughter and a martyr; and to bring in her child also, nevertheless. None of our readers, we though she had introduced herself to him trust
, have ever had the misfortune of meet. and all his society as Mademoiselle! M.ing with a dull mass of idiotic obscenity of Goyaneche, however, was saved from this the worst days of the Rosa Matilda school, God-send when she looked upon him, and entitled the Nun of St. Omer's. The most for the first time, after two months and a gross and revolting scene of those volumes, half ! saw the "dry and selfish expression so far as abhorrence would allow us to pc. of face of this old bachelor, this rich miser ruse them, bears a most remarkable similar. who thought only of himself; made himself ity to a chapter in Madame Tristan, where, (instead of her ?) the common centre of all amidst philosophy and morals, Flora, blessed things; amassing constantly for a future eminently with a turn for the practical, ac. which he could never reach." All these tually procecds to give her lover the first abominations, she proceeds to say, sprung kiss. She further entered into an engage, from his having religion, which did not ment to marry him upon reaching land, and compel him to assist kinsfolk, relatives, and yet this is in part the description she gives friends without regard to their conduct :” of her pro-martial consort. Assuredly nothing could have been more inconvenient. As she had formerly lived in
" As to his character, it is in fact the most this very city with her child, before knowing fearful character I ever met with: his irritaM. Goyaneche, and felt hourly apprehensive bility, excited by the merest trifles, is intoler Jest any of her former acquaintance, as she vain in his accesses of ill-humour to seek candidly tells us, "might ask of Made proofs of his goodness of heart. He sticks moiselle Tristan some news of her daugh at nothing ; attacks his friends with the bitter," she all at once became " too proud to terest irony, rejoices to torture them pitilessreceive undeserved kindness.” She had met ly, and seems to find pleasure in the pain he in 1829, at Paris, a young seaman from Li. creates, with a constancy the duration of ma, acquainted with her relatives there, and which has more than once appeared to me to whom, with her innate love of lying, she very long." had positively denied her relationship with them—. ("comme j'avois l'habitude de la lenraged'; a bald head, very red cheeks,
A iurned-up nose, thick lips, hideous when