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ADVERTISEMENT.

MR. Newbery begs leave to recommend these and the subsequent Volumes to the young Gentlemen and Ladies who have read his little Books. In those he attempted to lead the young Pupil to a Loveof Knowledge, in these he has endeavoured to introduce him to the Arts and Sciences, where all useful Knowledge is contained. This may be said, he apprehends, without depreciating the Classics, which are ever to be held in Esteem, but are to be esteemed principally for being the Keys of Literature, and for disclosing to us the Taste and Wisdom of the Ancients.

The Reader will perceive that a very free Use has been made of the Works of many Authors, and the Nature of the Subject required it; for it is in Criticism, as in Life, one good Example is worth many Precepts.

The Examples here collected from different Books will give no Offence, it is hoped, either to the Authors or Proprietors; for, whatever may be- the Fate of these Volumes, they can neither depreciate the Merit of those Books, nor anticipate their Sale •, but will, we apprehend, have a contrary Effect.

In some Parts of the Work, and especially towards the latter End, Sentiments and Reflections will be found which may appear, perhaps, singular; but, it is presumed, they will not on that account be thought impertinent. They are generally concerning Things with .which Learning has litde to do, but where Nature herself is to be consulted, and here no Preeminence is to be claimed inconsequence of a superior Education -, since every Man can best feel how he is affected.

Whatever Value these Reflections and Observations may have, the Examples introduced will always have their Merit, and will, we hope, lead the young Student to a careful perusal of the Volumes from whence they are extracted.

CON.

CONTENTS

OF THE

TWO VOLUMES.
VOL. I.

INTRODUCTION Page i

Of the Origin of Poetry a

Of Music and Dancing 3

The Intention of these perverted 4.

Of the Structure of English Verse, and of Rhyme 8

Of the several surts of English Verses 10

Of the Elisions allowed in English Poetry, with Mifcellaneous Remarks 14.

Of the Beauty ofTHOUGHT in Poetry 18

Thoughts in Poetry may be just without being true 19 Of sublime Thoughts, with Examples 20

Of agreeable or beautisul Thoughts, with Examples 27 Of delicate Thoughts, with Examples 36

Of Humour 37

Of brilliant Thoughts, with Examples 38

Of hunting down a Thought, and its bad Essects 40

Of the Style of Poetry 4.1

The Disserence between the Style of Poetry and Prose ibid. Of Epithets, Tropes and Figures, and their use 43

The Latitude given to Epithets by SZuintilian and Rolli/t is too great ibid.

When Epithets may be admitted with Propriety ibid. Of Compound Epithets ibid.

Epithets to be used sparingly when the Passions are concerned . ibid. None are found in the assecting Oration which Shakespeare puts into the Mouth of Mark Autbony 44. Tropes and Figures best learned by reading the Poets and polite Authors 45. Of the' Metaphor, the Simile and the Description 46 Many Figures may be resulved into the Description 47 Of the various Sorts of Style ibid. The Sublime Style 4° The Plain Style

The Mediate or Middle Stvle 5r

The Sarcastical, Florid and other Styles 51

How the Passions are best ex preis'd 53

Of the disferent Species of Poetry 54.

These classed in a new manner 55

PRECEPTS for the Epigram, with occasional Remarks

56 to 61

Epigram written by Mr. Pope with the Earl of Chesterfield's

Diamond pencil 57

On a Flower painted by Varelst, by Mr. Prior ibid.

On Venus mistaken, by the fame ibid.

On Chloe weeping, by the fame 58

On a Fan, by Dr. Atterbury ibid.

On bad Dancers to good Music 59

,-fOn a bad Fidler ^ ibid.

On a Man who hired People to make Verses for him ibid.

On an ugly Woman ibid.

On Prometheus drawn by a bad Painter, by Mr. Cowley 60

On a bad Writer, by Mr. Prior ibid

On a 1 easunable Affliction, by Mr. Prior ibid.

On the erecting of a Monument to the Memory of Mr.
Butler, by Mr. Westley 6 -.

On an Epigram • ibid.

On Apollo and Daphne, by Mr. Smart ibid.

PRECEPTS for the Epitaph, with Occasional Re-
marks, from 61 to 69 .

Epitaph on Orpheus 62

On Mary Countess Dowa. of Pembroke, by Ben Johnson 63

On a beautisul and virtuous Lady, by the fame ibid.

On Mr. Gay, by Mr. Pope' ibid.

On Dr. Francis Atterbury, Bp. of Kochester, by Mr. Pope 64

On Master who died of a lingering Illness, by Mr.

Smart ibid.

On Mr. Prior, written by himself ibid.

On one who would not be buried in Westminster-Abbey,

by Mr. Pope . 65

On a Mifer ibid.

On ditto, by Dr. Swift ibid.

On Stephen the Fidler ibid.

On Mr. Pultney ,' 66

On Francis Chartres, by Dr Arbutbnot 67

On Mr. Dove an Apothecary 68

On Signior Fido, a Greyhound, by Mr. Pope 69

PRECEPTS for theELECY,with occasional Remarks 701084.

Elegy to the memory of an unfortunate Lady,byMr.P«pf 70

Written in a Country Church-yard, by Mr. Grey 73

TheTeais of Scotland, written in 1746, by Dr. Smollet 76

A Love Elegy, by Mr. Hammond 78

^n the suppos'd Death of Mr. Partridge the Almanack-

_.i„ u,. n- ':.-,..i.'t «.
PRECEPTS for the Pastoral, with occasional Remark*

84 to tiS

Of the origin of Pastoral 84

Amaryllis, or the third Idyllium of Theocritus, by Mr.

Faxvtes 87

VirgiV% sirst Pastoral, tranflated by Dryden 89

Spensefs sixth Eclogue 9 J

Mr. Phillips's second Eclogue 97

Mr. Pope\ Eclogue, inscribed to Mr. Wycberfy 101

Mr. Gafs sirst Pastoral, entitled the Squabble 104

The Small-Pox. A Town Eclogue, by the Right Hon.

L. M. W. M. . * 109

The Meffiah. A facred Eclogue, by Mr. Pope in

PRECEPTS for the Epistle, with occasional Remarks

116 to 128

Ease and Elegance the true Characteristic of the Epistle 116

A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Charles Lord Halifax, by Mr.

Addison 117

To Mr. Pope, by the Rt. Hon. Lord Littleton 121

To Mr. Addison, by Mr. Pope 123

To the Earl of Dorfit, by Mr. Philips 115

To Mifs Blount, by Mr. Pope 127

PRECEPTS for Descriptive Poetry, with occasional

Remarks 128 to 156

V Allegro: or the lively Pleasures of Mirth, by Milton 129

IlPenforofi, or the gloomy Pleasures of Melancholy, by
the lame 13 3

Description of the four Seasons, by Mr. Thomson 137

Of Spring ibid.

Address to Heaven in favour of the Farmer ibid.

Description of a gentle refreshing Rain, and of the Rain-

bow 138

The cruelty of destroying Creatures that are inoffensive 140

Of the Summer > 141

Description of a Summer's Morning and the Sun rising ibid.

Hymn on that occasion 14.2

Description of a Storm 145

Tale of two Lovers in a Tempest 147

Of the Autumn 148

Delcription of the Reapers < • J4 9

The History of Lwvinia i-iid.

Ot' Winter i;i

Reflection on Midnight 153

Description of a deep Snow in which a Hushandman was

lost ibid.

Reflections on the Wants and Miferies of Mankind 154.

Winter compared to oldAge, with suitable Reflections 155

PRECEPTS for Didactic or Preceptive Poetry,

with occasional Remarks 156 to 33

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