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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY, 1844.
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

CONTENTS. $' 3S"V.TM»

Minor Correspondence British Roads adopted by the Romans—Families

of Seaman—Cheync Tooke—Anecdote of Sir James Thornhill proposed

as a Subject for a Picture—West't windows at Windsor 2

The First-born, A Drama, by the Rev. W. Harness 3

Southey's Editorship of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress 15

On the Scarabeus 16

Description of Stafford Castle (with a Plate) •• 18

New Church at East Grafton, Wilts (with a View) 19

Restoration of the Church at Woodchurch, Cheshire 21

The Ancient custom of a Lady taking her Chamber 22

Roman Sepulchral Inscription found near Piercebridge 24

Ornamental Tiles in Great Malvern Church, (with a Plate) 25

The Portraits of Versailles, No. IV.—Reigns of Louis XIII. and XIV 31

On the Pottery termed Samian—Potters' stamps found in London 35

Value of the Metonic Cycle—Date of the First Passover 38

A Cavalier's Farewell to his Mistress—Rev. James Anderson 40

Confessionals existing in English Churches 41

Remarks on Collier's edition of Shakespeare, &c 42

Retrospective Review.—Withers's Salt upon Salt 43

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

JesBe's Scenes and Tales of Country Life, 49; Greenwood's Tree-Lifter, 53;

Milnes's Palm Leaves, 55 j Mrs. Bray's Courtenay of Walreddon, 57;

Sandby's Mesmerism and its Opponents, 58; Miscellaneous Reviews .... 60

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

New Publications, 63; University of Oxford—University of Cambridge, 67;

Royal Geographical Society—Royal Asiatic Society—Wiltshire Topo-

graphical Society, 68; Numismatic Society, 69; Ethnological Society—

Society of Arts 70

FINE ARTS.—British Sculptors at Rome, 70; Sir R. K. Porter's Drawings .. 71

ARCHITECTURE.—Oxford Architectural Society, 72; Royal Academy .... 73

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.—Society of Antiquaries, 75; Archseo.

logical Association—Society of Northern Antiquaries—Ancient Armour.... 78

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.—Proceedings in Parliament, 79; Foreign

News—Domestic Occurrences 80

Promotions and Preferments, 83; Births, 84; Marriages 84

OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Earl of Bessborough; M. Laffitte; Sir William

Johnston, Bart.; Admiral Sir C. E. Nugent; Vice-Adm. Sir Jahleel Bren-

ton; Lieut.-Gen. Sir T. Stubbs; Lieut.-Gen. Loveday; Major-Gen. W.

H. Beckwith; Major-Gen. Sir O. Carey; Major-Gen. F. J. T. Johnstone;

Lt.-Col. W. G. White; Wadham Wyndham, Esq.; John Tomes, Esq.;

J. N. Wigney, Esq. M.P.; Thomas Bowes, Esq.; John Herman Merivale,

Esq.; J. S. Duncan, Esq. D.C.L.; John Grant Malcolmson, Esq. M.D.

Mr. Sebastian Pether; Mr. Theodore Van Hoist; Luigi Canonica;. Dr,

George Swiney; Capt. R. Fair, R.N.; James Stuart 87—101

Clergy Deceased 101

Deaths, arranged in Counties 103

Registrar-General's Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis—Markets—Prices

of Shares, 111; Meteorological Diary—Stocks 112

Embellished with Views of Stafford Castle and East Grafton Church, Wilts
and Fac.Similes of Ornamental Tiles in Great Malvern Abbey Church,

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

J. P. requests permission to explain a passage in his letter, (June, p. 601,) upon the Roman Iters from London to Cunterbury; upon which we made an editorial note. "I have said that the Romans had two roads into Kent, and that Csesar marched on one of them on bis way to the Thames; because, as I firmly believe, it was then a beaten road, which the Britons had long pretiwily used as their ordinary way from the coast of Kent to the fordable part of the Thames, spoken of by Cresar. That many of the roads in this island, that were adopted by the Romans, were originally British roads, I doubt not: even the Walling Street seems to hare been such a road, improved by the Romans ; if we may derive the name from Gwadui.u, meaning, in the language of the Britons, to render or make firm, solid, or sound; which is corroborated by Richard of Cirencester's writing it Via Gnet/ielinga: and I huve read thut it was a pre-existing road repaired by the Romans."

J. N. inquires for any particulars (beyond what appear in Bloomfield) of the family of " Seaman of Norwich," amongst whose members were Thomas Seaman, Sheriff of Norwich in 1679, and High Sheriff of Norfolk in 1688, nnd Sir Peter Seaman, Sheriff of Norwich in 1699, M»yor in 1707, und High Sheriff of Norfolk in 1710. He is desirous more particularly of ascertaining the date and origin of this family establishing themselves in Norfolk, and whether they were descended from the Cheshire family of Seaman, of whom there were members bearing precisely the same names. The Norfolk family were seated at Heigham, which was in the hundred of Humbleyard, till it was afterwards made part of the county and city of Norwich, as it now remains.

E. B. P. presumes A. H. S. (p. 339; is aware that there was a familyat Hever (Kent) of the name of Cheyn#, or Cheyncy, which intermarried with that of the Boleynes of Hever Cas-tle and Kochford Hall, Essex. The latter estate devolved on the Tilney family in 1774. (Vide Benger's Life of Anne Boleyne.) A li.-iiiriilnl monumental brass still exists in 11. \i r church to the memory of Margaret Cheynl, 23 Aug. 14.19.

.M. M. M. writes: In Nichols's Lite, rary Anecdotes (vol. ix. p. 159.) it is Mated that the family of Toke, Tooke, Tuke, or Tuck, &c. (for many other variations in the spelling of the name, see

Gent. Mag. New Series, note, vol. xii° p. 602) are descended from ) ..• Sieur de Touque, Toe, or Touke, as it is variously spelt in different copies of the Battle Abbey Roll, where be is mentioned, amongst others, as having attended William the Conqueror, at the Battle of Hastings. Now bis name is not mentioned in the Index of Tenants in Capite, where as a Norman Knight it naturally would be, nor, I believe, do any of the names of his children appear in the Survey, as they probably would had land been granted to him, or bis immediate descendants. From this it seems probable that he was either killed at the Battle of Hastings or returned into Normandy, and that if be had any children they did not possess land in Britain; and, since the names of Tochi, Tocbas, Tocbe, Toe, Tocho, Toka, Toke, Tokesone, Tuke, Tuka, and Thochi, occur as holders of lands in the reign of Edward the Confessor, and the name of Thoke in the year 1014, (Lysons's Magna Britannia, Norfolk,) it seems much more probable that the families are of Saxon or Danish than of Norman origin. Can any of the readers of the Gents. Magazine throw any light on the derivation of the name?

J. A. R. remarks, Among the great variety of historical subjects designed by the British artists of the present day, it has often occurred to me that the following may be worthy of notice, which I have never seen introduced, i. e. Sir James Thornliill on a high scaffold pxinting witliin-sirle the dome of St. Paul's, and in the attitude of running backward, and in great danger of falling over, while a companion, observing this (with great presence of mind), is seen with a brush daubing over the painting in order to alarm him, mid save bis life. If this were managed by a clever artist, nnd the painter's anxiety manifested in his countenance, at seeing his work injured, as be appeared to be rushing forward to preserve it, I think it might prove an interesting picture.

T. W. inquires where West's original sketches for the Stained Glass that was begun for the Wtit window of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, are to be found.

Ebrata. In a small portion of the impression of our present number, at p. 40, line 23, far Sunday read Saturday. In p. 43, line IS from foot, far" Falstaff calls simple 'Sir,'" rtad FaJst&fl calls Simple " Sir."

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